FloraGenics Distillation Systems, Inc.
PO Box 5276 Williamsburg, VA 23188
equipment can utilize three different techniques to extract
the essential oils, depending on the plant material.
Steam Distillation: Plant material in the mother flask
is dry and the oil is sweated out by injecting steam. The
fastest and most efficient distillation process with least
essential oil degradation. Preferred method for flower blossoms,
citrus rinds and most leaves.
and Water: Plant material mixed with water in mother flask
and also injected with steam. Water and steam must be in contact
with surface of plant material. Used to extract oils from
wood, bark, seeds and dried buds.
Water Distillation: Plant material mixed with water
in mother flask and heated to boiling. Generally avoided due
to burning and breakdown of plant material and important elements
in the essential oils.
Essential Oil Yield: The quantity of oil produced in
distillation of aromatic plants is varied and depends of a
number of factors.
Some types of plants will yield more than another in the
same family. In lavender, for example, the cultivar "Grosso",
a hybrid, will yield more than the English variety. Other
factors include the prepration process ( whether it's dry,
fresh or ground), the oil solubility in water and the efficiency
of the oil extraction and separation process.
At FloraGenics, we can provide guidelines for anticipated
production of numerous botanicals.